A coverage temporary by Elsa Tsioumani explains why biotechnology is the topic of polarized debate concerning its potential advantages and dangers, after rising on the worldwide agenda within the Nineteen Eighties. The temporary is a part of the ‘Still Only One Earth’ sequence from IISD, being revealed within the lead-up to the fiftieth anniversary of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.
Tsioumani highlights a authorized protocol established in 2000 in a “significant achievement in international law,” the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Biosafety refers to defending human well being and the surroundings when managing organisms and genetic materials, together with associated to attainable hostile results of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and biotechnology.
As extra genetically modified crops, bugs, and fish are being developed, the Protocol offers a discussion board to evaluate threat.
Tsioumani writes that as extra genetically modified crops, bugs, and fish are developed, the Protocol offers a discussion board to evaluate threat. It may help governments regulate rising applied sciences as effectively.
Tsioumani argues that “the old debate over promises and risks of modern biotechnology reinvents itself around new scientific achievements.” She writes that it stays a problem for the worldwide group to handle rising applied sciences by inspecting environmental and socio-economic dangers whereas reaping potential advantages.
The temporary offers an summary of the “biotechnology revolution,” recaps the tough, historic negotiations on the Cartagena Protocol, and describes the Protocol’s primary rules, implementation mechanisms, and a further course of created in 2010 to deal with legal responsibility and redress for potential hurt induced to biodiversity by transboundary actions of dwelling modified organisms (LMOs). It additionally notes linkages with different worldwide agreements, together with the International Plant Protection Convention, the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the World Organisation for Animal Health – which collectively are acknowledged because the standard-setting our bodies underneath the WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) and different WTO agreements may additionally apply to LMOs.
Other briefs within the ‘Still Only One Earth’ sequence concentrate on biodiversity, wildlife trade, sustainable energy, finance and technology, climate change, plastic pollution, poverty eradication, measurement approaches, private sector action, public health, blue economy, gender equality, extended producer responsibility, and regional governance of seas, amongst different points. [Still Only One Earth policy brief series] [Publication: Biosafety: Ensuring the Safe Use of Modern Biotechnologies]